Elecampane herb

Elecampane

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elecampane (/ˌɛlɪkæmˈpeɪn), Inula helenium, also called horse-heal or elfdock, is a widespread plant species in the sunflower family Asteraceae. It is native to Europe and Asia from Spain to Xinjiang Province in western China, and naturalized in parts of North America

Scientific classification:
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order:          Asterales
Family:         Asteraceae
Tribe:           Inuleae
Genus:         Inula
Species:       I. helenium
Binomial name: Inula helenium

Description:

Elecampane is a rather rigid herb, the stem of which attains a height of about 90–150 cm (35–59 in). The leaves are large and toothed, the lower ones stalked, the rest embracing the stem; blades egg-shaped, elliptical, or lance-shaped, as big as 30 cm (12 in) long and 12 cm (4.7 in) wide. Leaves are green on the upper side with light, scattered hairs, but whitish on the underside because of a thick layer of wool. The flower heads up to 5 cm (2 inches) broad, each head containing 50-100 yellow ray flowers and 100-250 yellow disc flowers. The root is thick, branching and mucilaginous, and has a bitter taste and a camphoraceous odor with sweet floral (similar to violet) undertones.

Folklore:

The plant’s specific name, helenium, derives from Helen of Troy; elecampane is said to have sprung up from where her tears fell. It was sacred to the ancient Celts, and once had the name “elfwort”.

Uses:

In France and Switzerland it is used in the manufacture of absinthe.

The root was employed by the ancients, mentioned in Pliny, Natural History 19.29 both as a medicine and as a condiment, and in England it was formerly in great repute as an aromatic tonic and stimulant of the secretory organs.[citation needed] It is mentioned in an 1817 New-England almanack as a cure for hydrophobia when the root is bruised and used with a strong decoction of milk. It is used in herbal medicine as an expectorant and for water retention.

Bibliographic details for “Elecampane”
Page name: Elecampane
Author: Wikipedia contributors
Publisher: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Date of last revision: 22 February 2017 18:30 UTC
Date retrieved: 26 April 2017 19:06 UTC
Permanent link: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elecampane&oldid=766885384
Primary contributors: Revision history statistics
Page Version ID: 766885384