Motherwort or Leonurus cardiaca

Leonurus cardiaca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Leonurus cardiaca, known as motherwort, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Other common names include throw-wort, lion’s ear, and lion’s tail. Lion’s tail also being a common name for Leonotis leonurus, and lion’s ear, a common name for Leonotis nepetifolia. Originally from Central Asia and southeastern Europe, it is now found worldwide, spread largely due to its use as a herbal remedy.

Scientific classification:
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Leonurus
Species: L. cardiaca
Binomial name: Leonurus cardiaca

Description:

Leonurus cardiaca has a squarish stem which is clad in short hairs and is often purplish, especially near the nodes. The opposite leaves have serrated margins and are palmately lobed with long petioles; basal leaves are wedge shaped with three points while the upper leaves have five. They are slightly hairy above and greyish beneath. Flowers appear in leaf axils on the upper part of the plant and have three-lobed bracts. The calyx of each flower is bell-shaped and has five lobes. The corolla is irregular, 8 to 12 mm (0.3 to 0.5 in) long, fused, long-tubed with two lips. The upper lip is convex and covered with white hairs and the lower lip is three-lobed and downward-curving and spotted with red. The flowers are pink to lilac in colour often with furry lower lips. There are four stamens, two short and two longer, and the fruit is a four-chambered schizocarp. The plant grows to about 60 to 100 cm (24 to 39 in) in height and blooms during July and August.

Traditional medicinal uses:

Motherwort has a long history of use as an herb in traditional medicine in Central Europe, Asia, and North America.[citation needed] Like many other plants, it has been used for a variety of ills. Midwives used it for a variety of purposes, including uterine tonic and prevention of uterine infection in women, hence the name Motherwort.[citation needed]

It was historically used in China to prevent pregnancy and to regulate menstruation.[citation needed] Motherwort has also been used to ease stomach gas and cramping, menopausal problems, and insomnia.[citation needed]

According to Tierra, the traditional Chinese medicine energy and flavors are bitter, spicy, and slightly cold, and the systems affected are the pericardium and liver. The fresh or dried leaves, which are called yìmǔcǎo (益母草), are used and the recommended dosage is the standard infusion of one ounce herb to one pint boiling water, 2–6 ml (0.068–0.203 US fl oz) of 1 in 5 tincture or 2–4 ml (0.068–0.135 US fl oz) of 1:1 fluid extract, either in 25% ethanol, three times daily. Yìmǔcǎo is believed to enter the bladder, heart, and liver meridians.

Bibliographic details for “Leonurus cardiaca”
Page name: Leonurus cardiaca
Author: Wikipedia contributors
Publisher: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Date of last revision: 16 May 2016 18:33 UTC
Date retrieved: 26 April 2017 21:04 UTC
Permanent link: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Leonurus_cardiaca&oldid=720573653
Primary contributors: Revision history statistics
Page Version ID: 720573653