Aronia herb plant


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Not to be confused with Malus floribunda, also called purple chokeberry

Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.The genus is usually considered to contain two or three[species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aroniais now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, Sorbaronia mitschurinii.

Chokeberries are cultivated as ornamental plants and as food products. The sour berries can be eaten raw off the bush, but are more frequently processed. They can be found in wine, jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, tea, salsa, chili starters, extracts, beer, ice cream, gummies and tinctures. The name “chokeberry” comes from the astringency of the fruits, which create a sensation making one’s mouth pucker.

Chokeberries are often mistakenly called chokecherries, which is the common name for Prunus virginiana. Further adding to the ambiguity, a variety of Prunus virginiana is named melanocarpa, readily confused with black chokeberry, commonly referred to as “black chokeberry” or “aronia”. Aronia berries and chokecherries are both high in polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins, yet the two plants are distantly related within the Rosaceae family.

Aronia berries

Scientific classification:

Kingdom:    Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order:          Rosales
Family:         Rosaceae
Subfamily:  Amygdaloideae
Tribe:          Maleae
Subtribe:    Malinae
Genus:        Aronia

Products and uses:

Red chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia)
The chokeberries are attractive ornamental plants for gardens. They are naturally understory and woodland edge plants, and grow well when planted under trees. Chokeberries are resistant to drought, insects, pollution, and disease. A number of cultivars, including A. arbutifolia ‘Brilliant’ and A. melanocarpa ‘Autumn magic’, have been selected for their striking fall leaf color.

An aronia wine is made in Lithuania. In Poland, aronia berries are dried to make an herbal tea sometimes blended with other ingredients, such as blackcurrant. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the berries are sold fresh and frozen or made into juices, jams and teas. Aronia is also used as a flavoring or colorant for beverages or yogurts. Juice from the ripe berries is astringent, semi-sweet (moderate sugar content), sour (low pH), and contains a low level of vitamin C. The berries have a tart flavor and, in addition to juice, can be baked into breads. In the United States and Canada, aronia juice concentrate is used in manufactured juice blends.

Bibliographic details for “Aronia”
Page name: Aronia
Author: Wikipedia contributors
Publisher: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Date of last revision: 21 October 2016 06:43 UTC
Date retrieved: 19 April 2017 21:02 UTC
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Page Version ID: 745453593