Echinacea Augustifolia

Echinacea angustifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower or blacksamson echinacea) is a North American plant species in sunflower family. It is widespread across much of the Great Plains of central Canada and the central United States, with additional populations in nearby regions.

Scientific classification:
Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order:          Asterales
Family:         Asteraceae
Tribe:           Heliantheae
Genus:         Echinacea
Species:       E. angustifolia
Binomial name: Echinacea angustifolia

Echinacea angustifolia is a perennial herb up to 40 to 70 centimetres (16 to 28 in) tall with spindle-shaped taproots that are often branched. The stems and leaves are moderately to densely hairy. The plant produces flower heads one per side branch, each at the end of a long peduncle. Each head contains 8-21 pink or purple ray florets plus 200-300 purple disc florets.

Echinacea angustifolia blooms late spring to mid summer. It is found growing in dry prairies and barrens with rocky to sandy-clay soils. There are two subspecies:

Echinacea angustifolia subsp. angustifolia is native to central Canada and the central United States from Saskatchewan and Manitoba in the north to Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Louisiana in the south.
Echinacea angustifolia subsp. strigosa has a more limited range in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Louisiana.

Many Native American groups used this plant for a variety of medicinal purposes, including pain relief and relief of colds and toothaches.

Bibliographic details for “Echinacea angustifolia”
Page name: Echinacea angustifolia
Author: Wikipedia contributors
Publisher: Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Date of last revision: 8 February 2017 00:22 UTC
Date retrieved: 26 April 2017 18:47 UTC
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Primary contributors: Revision history statistics
Page Version ID: 764272670